For more than half a century, the Soyuz spacecraft have been the backbone of the Russian space program. It is a type of spacecraft that was used for decades by the Soviet Union and then Russia to send astronauts into space. Today’s Soyuz missions are most famous for trips to the ISS. However the spacecraft has a long operational history.
Which began in the 1960s with its first unmanned mission on 28 November 1966. Over the years the Soyuz spacecraft have sent astronauts to various space stations, most notably the Almas series, the Salyut series of mirrors and today’s ISS. The Soyuz craft was the only way to transport crew to the ISS, prompting NASA to purchase seats for its astronauts.
NASA bought 71 seats over the course of six years at a cost of about $4 billion, but SpaceX Dragon rockets could deliver them to American workers by 2020. With all due respect, what is the SpaceX Drago at this point and might the Soyuz, Russia’s best rocket today, surprise you? In this episode of Alpha TechRepublic, we’ll talk about it with five features the Soyuz can’t compare to the SpaceX Dragon. ,
Because America and Russia are facing two opposing countries on the invasion of Ukraine. While quietly cooperating with another life-or-death case and making sure astronauts aren’t stranded in space, International Space Station mission control on Dec. 15 called off a planned spacewalk aboard the orbiting laboratory because of a startling new problem. closed the Cancel closed. Cancelled. Closed. Ruka, a Russian Soyuz space capsule docked.
The facility was suddenly spewing particles of the fluid into space. The dramatic leak, which was a 0.8-millimetre hole, emptied the capsule’s radiator of cooling fluid and left NASA and Russia’s Ross Cosmos with a new problem that originally plagued two cosmonauts and an astronaut J. How do you protect people who were supposed to return home in March? The capsule, now damaged, also served as the station’s emergency egress pod for the capsule station’s living quarters.
Like a car with a cracked radiator, the Soyuz capsule will be empty of cooling fluid, with the radiator now dependent on air from the station for cooling, but seen with its hatches closed. The temperature inside rises to 104 degrees Fahrenheit as it burns through the atmosphere before being sent home to Earth when the inside temperature rises even with a normally functioning cooling system.
Such a situation is one of the most dangerous the ISS has faced in years. The space station has for decades been a geopolitical symbol of cooperation between the world’s most formidable nuclear powers, relations between the two countries stemming from the end of the Cold War, with the station costing $1.3 billion a year to run. , Long-term rivalry. in partnership. The role has long outstripped its scientificity. Achievements are the conclusion of the analysis if this month is to be expected.
The capsule, which normally carries four astronauts but has the capacity for seven in an emergency, is one of Dragon’s five advantages over the Soyuz.
Dragon can normally fly up to four people, more than double that of Soyuz, with a capacity of seven people. It’s shedding huge amounts of mass to reduce the bulk and mass of supplies and equipment, so you spacecraft are very, very small.
Spartan crew compartment that is, a three-person crew would be very uncomfortable during that time, especially on a journey of more than two days, which is why Soyuz ISS flights are often using a hybrid launch configuration that the crew takes her to the station. there’s no time. hours instead of a few days, as well as little or no room for supplies or experiments.
Especially on return, while the Soyuz can deliver some supplies to its orbit. There is little room to return anything within the module jettison module and descent module before re-entering where the crew disembarks. Soyuz can carry 340 kg of cargo with a crew of three, while Dragon can carry about 6,000 kg of cargo with a crew of four.
Its pressurized volume and unpressurized trunk allow for a second operating time and space and reusable hardware of the Soyuz task. Dragon can operate for 210 days and fly independently for 10 days due to a 180-day stay on the ISS. Although not in one piece, the Falcon 9 first stage that carries the vehicle during its first two minutes of flight is fully reusable for multiple flights.
The Crew Dragon vehicle can also be refurbished for reuse, although NASA’s commercial crew vehicles are not expected to be reused. Contract term renewals and reusability mean savings per launch for NASA and SpaceX, partially offsetting their costs with the reusable Falcon 9 rocket and partially reusable Dragon spacecraft. The craft compares to half the price of the 55 million seats on the fully expandable Soyuz SpaceX Dragon 2.
On the Soyuz it is 89m Now let’s talk Unpressurized Payload Mass Crew Dragon’s trunk is a simple unpressurized cylinder on its exterior that provides solar power generation and thermal control. Oversized elements such as International Docking Adapter Station Arm Elements Tool Packages and other external components This is a highly useful feature.
Because there are no other spacecraft left except for the retired Space Shuttle or the Jackson Corturi Re-Supply Vehicle, they have the potential to provide state-of-the-art technology replacements for these types of ISS elements, maybe you’ll tell me that head-to– It’s not really fair to compare head to head with the spacecraft half a century after they were designed and built, but there is a difference, recently the Soyuz got an update from the old analog control system to digital while the Russians used automatic launch Have mastered the art of docking and landing systems.
They use ancient technology. Crew Dragon has similar abilities but with greater strength. Dragon designers replaced everything, including the control stick, with three large touch screens. Four side-by-side seats forward, each capable of calling up to 10 sets of screen displays, allowing the crew to focus on a particular set of systems guidance environment.