Elon Musk: Our Awesome Discovery on Mars Changed Everything! Even before learning about other worlds in the Milky Way galaxy, humans were never satisfied with life on their home planet, Earth. As we look up to the stars to expand the limits of our lives.
We are constantly reminded that the world beyond the atmosphere is hostile, cold and cruel. Earth is the only planet in the Milky Way galaxy with an atmosphere. Consequently, it stands to reason that any attempt by humans to settle places other than Earth would face great hardship and pain.
And Elon Musk’s recent discovery on Mars lends considerable support to that momentum. What did he find out? You may be afraid. Welcome to Elon Musk Live. Don’t forget to subscribe to our channel and press that bell-icon, because we’re your No. 1 place for the latest news related to Elon Musk, Tesla, and SpaceX.
Humans have long dreamed of colonizing and exploring Mars. SpaceX clearly has a plan, and with NASA’s intentions to land astronauts on Mars by 2030, that fantasy could become a reality. One of the most difficult tasks is carrying people across the more than 34 million miles of space between Earth and Mars.
On the other hand, humans will face significant challenges once they reach Mars, which is a harsh, cold and hostile planet. Human life on Mars needs water, but the Red Planet doesn’t have it – or does it? Evidence from the 1970s contradicts this claim. Evidence of water was found when the Mariner 9 and Viking space probes returned images of Mars to Earth for the first time.
Researchers from Italy’s National Institute for Astrophysics have provided some of the most current clues. They released the research in Science in 2018 and claimed to have discovered a 12-mile-wide lake about a mile below the south pole of Mars. The US Geological Survey said in the same year that they had discovered eight sites on Mars.
Where erosion had exposed significant cross sections of ice deposits between one and 100 meters below the planet’s surface. A year later, scientists reviewing data from NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter found layers of ice and sand buried up to a mile beneath Mars’ north pole, according to the American Geophysical Union. However, the technology to collect water from the Martian soil does not yet exist.
NASA wants to bridge the gap through the Mars Ice Challenge, an annual competition for university engineering students. Ten finalists will compete at the Langley Research Center in Virginia, where they will demonstrate their prototype for extracting water from simulated Martian subsurface ice. The 2019 competition was won by a team from West Virginia University for their prototype, the Mountaineer Ice Drilling Automated System III.
Which can identify, map and drill different types of hard and frozen layers before extracting water from the ice block. NASA also has partnerships for advanced mining technology for use in space, including a partnership with the Australian Space Agency.
The University of Central Florida, and Honeybee Robotics unveiled The World Is Not Enough, a prototype spacecraft shaped like a microwave oven (Vine). It’s designed to mine the soil of asteroids, extract water from it, and use that water to make steam, which it uses to propel itself to the next mining target.
Water harvesting techniques could be modified for Mars exploration. Next, Mars has no atmosphere. An atmosphere is one of the most important features that a planet must have in order to support human existence. Unfortunately, only one piece has stuck to Mars, and it’s made entirely of the wrong gases.
According to NASA, the atmosphere on Mars is composed primarily of carbon dioxide (95.3 percent compared to less than 1 percent on Earth). – Contains only 0.13 percent of the oxygen needed by humans (0.13 percent versus 21 percent on Earth). -It has a lower nitrogen content (2.7 percent versus 78 percent on Earth), which is essential for plants to survive. Life on Mars would be impossible without a plentiful supply of air.
In addition, the atmospheric pressure of Mars is very low, only 6.1 mbar compared to Earth’s 1,013.25 mbar. The importance of pressure to life on Earth cannot be underestimated. Small pockets of air trapped inside a person’s body would expand if they did not have it. According to the Institute of Physics, the eardrum bursts and water starts boiling in the body.
On Mars, some have advocated creating an atmosphere that would warm the planet as well as produce essential gases.
Terraforming involves forcing greenhouse gases already present on the planet, such as carbon dioxide and water vapor, to rise into the atmosphere. However, the planet lacks enough of these components to support human life on Mars, according to a 2018 study published in Nature Astronomy. For the time being, astronauts must bring all of their life-support systems with them.
Finally, we have the most difficult problem to overcome: radiation. The universe is full of harmful radiation. Our Sun and other stars are fusion reactors that generate vast amounts of electromagnetic energy, including X-rays and ultraviolet light. The Sun, as well as other highly energetic objects such as quasars or galaxy centers, release high-energy protons, atomic nuclei and other particles that can cause radiation sickness.
Can damage the central nervous system, increase and trigger lifelong cancer risk. Degenerative Disorders. Most of these electrically charged nuclear fragments are deflected back into space by our planet’s powerful magnetic field, which acts as an invisible barrier against such radiation. Our planet’s thick atmosphere absorbs any stray particles.
are at risk. According to the European Space Agency, astronauts traveling to Mars could be exposed to radiation doses up to 700 times higher than those on Earth (ESA). On Earth, the agency is working to develop technologies that will reduce radiation exposure. They are collaborating with particle accelerator facilities to simulate lethal levels of cosmic radiation in space and develop and test shielding to protect against it.
They also intend to put radiation sensors on NASA’s upcoming Orion test launch to track exposure during lunar missions. What about radiation on the surface of Mars? Astronauts aboard the International Space Station recently completed an experiment that showed they could successfully mix cement in microgravity, according to Astronomy.
The idea is that one day humanity will be able to use the soil of Mars to build habitable structures from concrete, a strong, protective material already used to cover people in nuclear power plants on Earth. She goes. She goes. Future Mars exploration missions will confront scientists and astronauts with many issues that will put human life at risk.
Access to water, dealing with a cold planet devoid of oxygen and managing deadly radiation levels are among the most difficult challenges. However, as humans continue their journey to the Moon with an eye on Mars, they will, as always, learn to adapt, and seek new answers to the issues they face. However, there is no end to the studies related to the capabilities of Mars to host life.
In 2017, scientists discovered evidence that Mars may have had life in the past. On the dusty surface of Mars, NASA’s Curiosity rover discovered boron, a fundamental ingredient of life. The discovery is a major step forward in the search for extraterrestrial life, and may support the belief that life on Mars turned into a “frozen desert” after the disaster.
Patrick Gasda, a postdoctoral researcher at Los Alamos National Laboratory, said: “Since borates can play an important role in making RNA – one of the building blocks of life – finding boron on Mars raises the possibility that life on the planet was a bar existed. “could have arisen.” Borates are a possible bridge from simple organic molecules to RNA.
Without RNA, you have no life. “The presence of boron tells us that, if organic matter were present on Mars, these chemical reactions could have taken place.” Of course, a SpaceX or NASA manned expedition to the surface of Mars would certainly involve studying these borates. Even if they don’t mean anything conclusive in 2022, they might introduce some kind of massively impactful new information later.
In any case, SpaceX needs to prepare Starship to reach Mars. If all goes according to plan, the Super Heavy Booster will allow the Starship to establish new marks. Its propulsion capacity is about 3,400 tonnes, which can be increased to 3,800 tonnes in the future. The booster had 33 engines, which fluctuated between 29 and 37 during development.
It has a thrust of about 7,600 tonnes (17 million lb), which is expected to increase over time. To put this into perspective, the Saturn V, the rocket that launched humans to the Moon, had about 7.5 million pounds of thrust. The Saturn V is still the most powerful rocket ever launched. Starship’s booster has the potential to help break that record by a long shot.
According to Musk, the spacecraft will have the world’s largest heat shield. This will keep the ship safe as it races through the Martian atmosphere at approximately 17,000 miles per hour. When NASA’s latest Mars rover, Perseverance, landed on Mars, the temperature reached nearly 2,400 degrees Fahrenheit. Depending on the orbit, the ship will send 100 to 150 tons into space at a time.
Musk thinks the ship could carry 200 tons of payload for orbital refilling, with a second Starship staying in space and a refueling ship to complete the trip to Mars. Ultimately, such a large payload would be exactly what Mars colonists would need to get everything set up properly. In any event, they would struggle to remain on the surface for any length of time.